What is an IOP (intensive outpatient program)?

Intensive Outpatient Programs (IOPs) are a level of care in the treatment of substance use disorders (SUDs) that offer a flexible and less restrictive approach to care compared to inpatient or residential treatment. IOPs often mandate group therapy as their primary mode of intervention. Group therapy typically involves topics such as relapse prevention, early recovery skills, and family dynamics of addiction. Additional services may include individual counseling, medication-assisted treatment (MAT), or other support services, depending on the program.

Historical context

IOPs have emerged as an alternative to more traditional inpatient or residential treatment settings, providing greater accessibility and flexibility for individuals seeking care. The evolution of evidence-based treatments and the recognition of the need for varying levels of care has contributed to the growth and adoption of IOPs.

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